Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; nepalensis: Named for the country Nepal where the species was collected.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.2 - ?. Subtropical; 23°C - ? (Ref. 118052)
Asia: Mardi River, Kaligandaki River basin, western Nepal.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118052)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7. Garra nepalensis is distinguished from its sympatric congeners, except Garra rupecula), by having 35-36 lateral line scales (vs. 31-34). It further differs from G. rupecula by the lack of a W-shaped band on the caudal fin. It is distinct from a closely related species G. khawbungi by having snout tip not marked off by a transverse groove (vs. snout with weakly developed transverse groove) and the lack of W-shaped band on caudal fin (vs. presence) (Ref. 118052).
Found in sampling localities with clear, bluish, moderately flowing water (0.61 mean depth and average width 10 meter) and with a mixed substrate of sand, silt, gravel, pebbles, boulders and bedrock. Other fishes collected include Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray), Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton), Naziritor cheilynoides (McClelland) and Tor tor (Hamilton). The following physico-chemical parameters were taken in the sampling site on 11 April 2014: air temperature 20ºC, water temperature 23ºC, pH 7.2, dissolved oxygen 7.9 mg/l, conductivity 021 μs, and total dissolved solids 163 ppm in 2 pm at noon (Ref. 118052).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rayamajhi, A. and M. Arunachalam, 2017. A new species of Garra (Cyprinidae: Cyprinifomes) from Western Nepal. Intl. J. Fish. Aquat. Stud. 5(5):402-407. (Ref. 118052)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00310 - 0.01692), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .