Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; vinciguerrae: Boulenger (1901) (Ref. 96493) proposed the name "vinciguerrae" referring to Decio Vinciguerra (1856-1934), who authored Discognathus chiarinii from Hora Lake in Ethiopia in 1883, a species considered a synonym of Garra dembeensis (Ref. 122047).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: Nile River in Sudan and Egypt (Ref. 122047).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122047)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 34 - 37. Diagnosis: Garra vinciguerra is distinguished from other African Garra species by: its well-developed sucking disc of type C vs. A or B in G. aethiopica, G. allostoma, G. dembecha, G. dembeensis, G. duobarbis, G. lancrenonensis, G. regressus, G. tana, G. napata and G. sannarensis; by its partly scaled predorsal area vs. fully scaled in G. aethiopica, G. blanfordii, G. chebera, G. congoensis, G. hindi, G. ignestii, G. makiensis and G. quadrimaculata, or predorsal scales absent in G. duobarbis, G. ethelwynnae, G. napata, G. sannarensis and G. jamila (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from G. geba by its scaled postpelvic area vs. asquamate, from G. ornata by its asquamate belly vs. scaled, from G. trewavasae by only 3-3.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic fin vs. 4.5, and from G. waterloti from the upper Niger and upper Senegal rivers by the absence of a marked dark lateral band along the flank vs. present (Ref. 122047). Inside the entire Nile basin, overall similar to G. dembeensis and G. blanfordii, but distinguished from G. dembeensis by the scaled postpelvic area vs. asquamate and by an increased number of predorsal scales, 5-9 vs. 0-4; from G. blanfordii by having a large scaleless predorsal area vs. fully scaled, corresponding to 15 predorsal scales, and in the densely scaled postpelvic area vs. asquamate (Ref. 122047). Garra vinciguerrae differs from all other Garra species in the Main Nile basin in the presence of at least few irregular predorsal scales vs. predorsal scales always absent, a scaled postpelvic area vs. asquamate, and moreover from G. jamila and G. napata by absence of a dark median band in the dorsal fin vs. presence, and 4.4-5 scale rows between the origin of dorsal fin and the pored lateral line vs. 2-2.5; from G. sannarensis by the divergent disc morphology including a very large and prominently fringed upper lip vs. moderately sized and usually densely papillated, an equally shaped and posteriorly rounded lateroposterior flap vs. medial enlarged posteriorly pointing flap; pad round vs. quadrangular; and from Garra sp. 'White Nile' by the presence of only minute posterior barbels not reaching pad of disc when folded medially vs. almost reaching each other when flexed inwards (Ref. 122047).
Apparently restricted to fast flowing stretches in the cataracts of the Nile River below Khartoum (Ref. 122047).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Moritz, T., N. Straube and D. Neumann, 2019. The Garra species (Cyprinidae) of the Main Nile basin with description of three new species. Cybium 43(4):311-329. (Ref. 122047)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00398 - 0.02092), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .