Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenesocidae
Etymology: Gavialiceps: Hindi, ghariyal = gavial, saurian of Ganges, 1825 + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335); javanicus: Named after its type locality (Ref. 44791).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 560 - 600 m (Ref. 44791). Deep-water
Indo-West Pacific: Java, Indonesia and northwestern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 89.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44791)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Dark brown, the back is darker than the belly. Peritoneum, gill and mouth cavities are dark and show through the skin. Stomach is bright, does not reach above the anus, its length is 2.1 times the length of the head (Ref. 44791).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Karmovskaya, E.S., 1994. Systematics and distribution of the eel genus Gavialiceps (Congridae) in the Indo-West Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 34(3):73-89. (Ref. 44791)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2 - 8.8, mean 7.6 °C (based on 26 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00112 (0.00048 - 0.00261), b=2.98 (2.78 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .