Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Genicanthus: Greek, geny, -yos = face, jaw + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 21 - 81 m (Ref. 9710), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 28°S
Pacific Ocean: Taiwan to the Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and the Austral Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 14 - 17. Males light blue with 8 black stripes on the lower 2/3 of the body (the posterior end of the uppermost yellow, the lowermost stripes extending the adjacent anal fin); females light blue with a vertical black bar above the eye and spots on the forehead; both sexes with a broad submarginal band on the dorsal and anal fins; females with broad submarginal band on the caudal-fin lobes.
Occurs in current-swept outer reef slopes and drop-offs (Ref. 4859). Feeds on plankton. Forms harems of 2-5 individuals. Occasionally exported through the aquarium trade (Ref. 48391).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Steene, R.C., 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. & A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia. vol. 1. 144 p. (Ref. 4859)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.2 - 28.7, mean 26.5 °C (based on 65 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03311 (0.01551 - 0.07068), b=2.88 (2.70 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 64.5 [37.2, 104.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.728 [0.460, 1.190] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.5, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.153 [0.091, 0.251] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.6 [11.5, 44.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 170 [53, 544] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.23 [0.81, 1.85] mg/100g (wet weight);