Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Laviniinae
Etymology: Gila: A river flowing from SW Mejico to south Arizona. More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 48°N - 38°N
North America: Snake River system above Shoshone Falls in Wyoming and Idaho; Lake Bonneville basin (including Great Salt Lake drainage and Sevier River system) in southeastern Idaho and Utah, USA. Introduced into east Nevada, upper Missouri River basin in Montana, and Colorado River drainage in Wyoming and Utah.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 17.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9. Gila atraria can be distinguished by the following characters: deep, compressed body; large eye; short, blunt snout; 45-65 scales on lateral line; dorsal fin usually with 9 rays; anal fin with 8 rays; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-4,2; olive-brown to blue-black above; yellow to brassy side; clear to olive-yellow fins; and large males with yellow to gold-fin bases, mouth and side of the head, may be gold overall (Ref. 86798).
Occurs in lakes, quiet pools of headwaters, creeks and small to medium rivers. Often found in vegetation over mud or sand (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00439 - 0.02869), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.12-0.28).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .