Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Laviniinae
Etymology: Gila: A river flowing from SW Mejico to south Arizona. More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
North America: Gila River system (Colorado River drainage) in New Mexico and Arizona, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Previously thought to be of hybrid origin and similar to parental Gila robusta and G. intermedia. Dorsal and anal fins with 8 rays; lateral line with 71-90 scales, usually fewer than 80; first gill arch with 10 or more rakers; and often with diffuse stripes on dark gray or brown side, dark fin membranes (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits pools and undercut banks of headwaters, creeks and small rivers. Maximum length is presumably about 38 cm TL (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .