Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Grallenia: Named for Gerald R. Allen, (G+R+Allen+suffix '-ia'), in honor of his great contribution to our knowledge of the diversity of coral-reef fishes.; dimorpha: Name from Latin 'dimorpha' meaning 'two shapes'; referring to the sexual dimorphism in relation to dorsal-fin shape; treated as a feminine singular adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 18 m (Ref. 116128), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116128); 1.6 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 11;
Vertebrae: 27. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VI + I,8-11 (usually 10); A I,9-11 (usually10); fully erect first dorsal fin of male differs from female, male fin rectangular with fifth spine longest and female fin triangular with first spine forming elongate filament; no pelvic frenum nor head pores; longitudinal scales 25-30, often continuous from posterior pectoral-fin base to caudal-fin base, but anterior half of body mainly scaleless; body depth at pelvic-fin origin 13.4-15.6% SL; colour of male in life translucent with a mid-lateral row of five widely separated and progressively shorter posteriorly, horizontal, orange-brown lines, each surrounded by yellowish hue and with a faint, narrow, vertical, brown line extending ventrally, forming overall T-shaped marking; dorsal fins with a pair of prominent stripes, the outermost relatively broad and yellow-orange, inner stripe situated just above fin base, narrower and orange-red with black margin; anal fin yellowish with distinctive black margin; caudal fin is yellowish with irregular translucent areas mainly on upper part of basal half; female similar, but fins translucent without both the distinctive stripes on dorsal fins and black margin on anal fin; series of five ovate, progressively smaller, brown blotches along lower side interspersed with brilliant white markings, beginning at pectoral-fin base, continuing to posterior caudal peduncle (Ref. 116128).
Lives on sandy substrate (Ref. 116128).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann, 2017. Descriptions of five new species of marine gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) of the genus Grallenia) from the tropical western Pacific Ocean. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 27:20-47. (Ref. 116128)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .