Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 56 m (Ref. 9710), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Sodwana Bay, South Africa (Ref. 11228), Maldives and Mauritius.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Found on sandy areas of deep lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710), usually along deep drop-offs with large caves, rich with invertebrate growth in depths over 20 m. Occurs in small groups of females, usually a male swimming nearby (Ref. 48636). May be found solitary (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.8 - 28.4, mean 26.8 °C (based on 92 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00473 - 0.02115), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 126 [73, 269] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.876 [0.509, 1.506] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [15.8, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.174 [0.104, 0.287] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.7 [14.3, 48.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 136 [44, 449] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.05 [1.37, 3.62] mg/100g (wet weight);