Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobionellinae
Etymology: Knipowitschia: Because of N.M.Knipowitsch, a zoologist and Russian ichthyologist from the Academy of Sciences. Expeditions in "Pomor" and "Pervosvanniy" ships to Azov and Black sea (1898-1908); montenegrina: The specific epithet is derived from that of Montenegro, where the type material was collected.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate
Europe: River Morača, southern Montenegro.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75974)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6 - 7. Distinguished from all congeners, except Knipowitschia croatica, Knipowitschia ephesi and Knipowitschia punctatissima, by the body squamation reduced to axillary patch and head canals absent. Can be differentiated from Knipowitschia punctatissima, Knipowitschia ephesi and Knipowitschia croatica by the following combination of characters: D1 VI; P extends back approximately to below posterior end of D1; pelvic disc with midline depth of anterior membrane 1/3-1/2 length of pelvic spinous ray; neuromast suborbital row a reaching anteriorly at maximum to below middle of eye; suborbital row b reaching anteriorly at maximum to below rear border of eye; single suborbital transverse row cp situated below beginning of row b; anterior dorsal row g shorter than distance between row g and n; and preorbital row s ending anteriorly in front of anterior end of row r p not clearly separated (Ref. 75974).
Occurs in river shallows with slow current and in pools remaining in gravel pits after river flooding. The substrate consists of gravel, covered with fine sediment and overgrown by dense filamentous algae (Ref. 75974).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kovačić, M. and R. Šanda, 2007. A new species of Knipowitschia (Perciformes: Gobiidae) from southern Montenegro. J. Natl. Mus. (Prague), Nat. Hist. Ser. 176(5):81-89. (Ref. 75974)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00365 - 0.01726), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .