Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.0; dH range: 5 - 10; depth range 0 - 2 m. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672)
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malay Peninsula and Indonesia (Ref. 4832). Reported from Nepal (Ref. 9496) and Indochina (Ref. 7050); Mekong and Chao Phraya basins (Ref. 43281).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95258); max. published weight: 10.40 g (Ref. 95258)
soft rays: 20 - 22. Body depth 2.8-3.6 times in SL; 17-21 branched anal rays (Ref. 12693); conspicuous black stripe on posterior half of body (Ref. 43281).
Inhabits the middle-depth area of streams, ponds and tanks. Occurs in shallow and relatively deep areas of streams, both in still and relatively fast-flowing waters. Form shoals with 15-30 individuals. Spawns at dusk or dawn in shallow water with about 30 eggs scattered at a time; egg hatch within 24 hours. Feeds mainly on insects, but also takes plants (Ref. 6028). Rarely seen in markets, probably used to make prahoc. Occasionally imported in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12693). Popular for ornamental purposes (Ref. 44325).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawning occurs during dusk (Ref. 1672).
Pethiyagoda, R., 1991. Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. 362 p. (Ref. 6028)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Aquarium: commercial; bait: occasionally
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00389 - 0.01350), b=3.14 (2.98 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .