Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 44°N - 37°N, 9°W - 1°W
Europe: Guadiana drainage in Spain & Portugal; records from the middle Tago in Spain need verification (Ref. 59043). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna) (Ref. 6376).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55769)
Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Iberian Peninsula by having the following characters: lateral line with 45-50 + 3 scales; last simple ray spinous, strong, serrated posteriorly along most of its length; posterior edge of dorsal strongly concave, upper part about perpendicular to dorsal profile when fin is stretched; head length 22-27% SL; lower lip thin, lacking median lobe or pad; and lower jaw tip exposed, not covered by lower lip (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits middle course of large, deep rivers with slow current (Ref. 59043). Also occurs in water bodies on low-lying plains, with little current. Feeds on invertebrates and plants (Ref. 26100) and detritus (Ref. 59043). Threatened by habitat destruction, pollution and introduction of other species (Ref. 26100). Size reaches up to about 40 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00354 - 0.01026), b=2.98 (2.83 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .