Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Luxilus: Latin, luxilus, derived from Lux = light, refered to a small silvery fish (Ref. 45335); chrysocephalus: From the words chrysocephalus, meaning golden head, and isolepis, equal scales (referring to the more regular scale pattern) (Ref. 10294). More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; 46°N - 31°N
North America: Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from western New York and Wisconsin, south to Alabama, Louisiana and eastern Texas, USA; Gulf Coast drainages from Mobile Bay in Georgia and Alabama, to Sabine River in Louisiana, USA. Introduced to Escambia River system in Florida and Alabama.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 6.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 8.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits rocky pools near riffles in clear to fairly turbid creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 86798). Feeds on terrestrial insects, filamentous and unicellular algae, and a variety of aquatic invertebrate often dominated by mayfly nymphs (Ref. 10294). Oviparous (Ref. 205), nest spawners (Ref. 52559).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00386 - 0.01635), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2; tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .