Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Lythrurus: Greek, lythron = blood + Greek, oura = tail; the red breeding colours in most members of this genus (Ref. 45335); ardens: ardens, meaning burning (Ref. 10294) More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 41°N - 33°N
North America: Atlantic Slope from York River drainage (where introduced) in Virginia to Roanoke River drainage in North Carolina, USA; upper New River system (Kanawha-Ohio drainage) above Kanawha Falls in West Virginia and Virginia, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 5.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits sandy and rocky runs and flowing pools of creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 86798). Feeds on insects taken in midwater areas and from the surface (Ref. 10294). Oviparous (Ref. 205), probably open substratum spawners like congeners.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00374 - 0.01935), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.44 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .