Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Macrhybopsis: Greek, makros = great + Greek, ybos, -e, -on = rounded + Greek, opsis = appearance (Ref. 45335); aestivalis: aestivalis -- of the summer (Ref. 10294) More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 36°N - 26°N
North America: Rio Grande drainage in Texas and New Mexico, USA; south in Mexico to San Fernando River drainage.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 6.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 1.00 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits sand and gravel runs of small to large rivers (Ref. 5723, 86798). Feeds on aquatic insect larvae dominated by midges (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
The pelagic-broadcast spawning behavior consisted of males pursuing a single female and nudging her abdominal region. When the female was ready to spawn, a single male wrapped around the female at which time eggs and milt were simultaneously expelled. Reproduction usually consisted of several individual spawning episodes with at least 10-min intervals between events (Ref. 35784).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00238 - 0.00920), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 0.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .