Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes
(Sawbellies) > Melamphaidae
(Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Melamphaes: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, amphi = both side (Ref. 45335); manifestus: Name from Latin manifestus for remarkable, obvious, and easily defined (Ref. 87971).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 780 m (Ref. 87971). Deep-water; 5°N - 4°N, 12°W - 13°W
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Atlantic Ocean: equatorial area. The species is known by a single sample (equatorial Atlantic Ocean, African coast) (Ref. 87971).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87971)
Morphology | Morphometrics
The species is characterized by 22–23 rakers on the first gill arch, 29–31 vertebrae (12 abdominal vertebrae), and two ventrolateral oriented spurs on the haemal arch of the first caudal vertebra; D III 15–16; P 16–17; seven soft rays in the ventral fin; ventral fin starts after the vertical line of the posterior margin of the pectoral fin basement; the anal fin starts under the last ray of the dorsal fin or just after the dorsal fin; four scales are on the operculum (Ref. 87971).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kotlyar, A.N., 2011. Revision of genus Melamphaes (Melamphaidae). I. Multi-raker species: M. lugubris, M. xestoachidus sp. nova, M. microps, M. manifestus sp. nova. J. Ichthyol. 51(8):557-568. (Ref. 87971)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00444 - 0.02583), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).