Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes
(Sawbellies) > Melamphaidae
(Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Melamphaes: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, amphi = both side (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lowe.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 2793), usually 0 - 150 m (Ref. 37108). Deep-water; 45°N - 10°N
North Atlantic: between 45°-10°N, including 8 specimens recorded within 28°-14°N and 27°-16°W in the eastern Atlantic and 2 records (one dubious) from further south in equatorial eastern Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 7.3, range 7 - 7.8 cm
Max length : 7.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4502)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Adults found at depths below 500 - 600 meters; juveniles below 50 meters (Ref. 51657).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maul, G.E., 1990. Melamphaidae. p. 612-618. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4502)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.4 - 20.1, mean 19.2 °C (based on 52 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00402 - 0.02488), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .