Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae
(Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335). More on author: Castelnau.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 10 - ?. Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672)
Oceania: endemic to Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); 7.0 cm SL (female); common length : 8.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894)
Found in rivers, creeks, drains, ponds and reservoirs. Occurs usually in still or slow-flowing conditions (Ref. 7300). Inhabits streams, backwaters of larger rivers, drainage ditches, overflow ponds and reservoirs. Usually congregates along grassy banks or around submerged logs and branches (Ref. 44894). Omnivorous (Ref. 7300). The most southward-ranging rainbowfish and the only species adapted to low winter temperatures (normally about 10°-15°C). There is evidence that numbers are drastically reduced during winter drought when water temperatures dip below 10°C. Suitable for outdoor pond culture in temperate climates (Ref. 44894).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 3.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1; tmax=3-4; K=0.17-0.32).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .