Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae
(Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335). More on author: Peters.
Issue on validity of subspecies: subspecies considered as valid in FB, synonymized with the species Melanotaenia splendida (Peters, 1866) in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Mar. 2011: Ref. 86697). Please send references, or more studies are needed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 10 - 30; depth range 0 - ? m. Tropical; 20°C - 30°C (Ref. 2059)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 4 cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7298); common length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7298); max. reported age: 3.00 years (Ref. 51969)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits streams and lakes, often forming large schools at the surface. Temperatures in their environments range from 20 to 29 °C and pH from 5.3 to 8.5 and the water varies from clear to turbid (Ref. 7298).
Females attach their eggs to aquatic vegetation and other submerged materials, e.g. Melaleuca sp. roots found in banks and margins of rivers (Ref. 35356). Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., R.K. Hadiaty, P.J. Unmack and M.V. Erdmann, 2015. Rainbowfishes (Melanotaenia: Melanotaeniidae) of the Aru Islands, Indonesia with descriptions of five new species and redescription of M. patoti Weber and M. senckenbergianus Weber. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 21(2):66-108. (Ref. 110723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm = 0.5; tmax = 3; Fec = 370).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .