Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Alepocephaliformes
(Slickheads and tubeshoulders.) > Platytroctidae
Etymology: Mentodus: Latin, mentum = beard, chin + Greek, odous = teeth; eubranchus: From the Greek eu, good, and branchos, gill, in reference to the relatively long gill filaments. More on authors: Matsui & Rosenblatt.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 1000 m (Ref. 96339). Deep-water; 36°N - 18°N
Eastern Pacific: off central California, USA to off the west coast of Mexico. One record from the Northwest Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10887)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 15 - 16;
Vertebrae: 42 - 44. No preoperculomandibular or postocular canals. Infraorbital canal restricted to lacrimal and ventral margin of eye. Supraorbital canal extending from just in front of eye to just behind eye. Snout short, about half to three-fourths eye length. Nasal sac nearly bordering maxilla. Premaxillary tusk single and slightly larger than other teeth. No teeth on mesopterygoid and on upper pharyngeals of 2nd arch. Gill filaments relatively well developed for a platyroctid, outer row at angle of 1st arch 0.5-1.2% SL. Bases of filaments united at membrane, which at angle of 1st arch is one-third to one-fourth the length of inner filaments. Scales 56-62 in midlateral series. Dorsal margin of gill opening 1-3 (usually 2) scale rows above the opening of shoulder organ (about level with mideye). Eye large, 11% SL at about 100 mm SL, its lateral bulge usually about in line with the widest part of skull at sphenotic or barely beyond it. Cleithral symphysis normal, not ending in a spine.
Bathypelagic below 1000 m (Ref. 58302).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Matsui, T. and R.H. Rosenblatt, 1984. Review of the deep-sea fish family Platytroctidae (Pisces: Salmoniformes). Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. 26(1-7):1-59. (Ref. 10887)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .