Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Cyprininae
Etymology: Mystacoleucus: Greek, mystax = whiskered, used by Belon in 1553 to describe all fishes with whiskers + Greek, leykos = white (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 2059)
Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya and Meklong basins; also from the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra and Java. Recorded from Myanmar (Ref. 4832).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693)
Anal fin with a convex distal margin; dorsal fin with black anterior and distal margins; a black distal margin on the caudal fin; most scales with a black crescent-shaped mark on their base (Ref. 27732).
Found at bottom depths of rivers and streams. Inhabits areas with sand or pea-gravel from small streams to large rivers (Ref. 12693). Usually found in streams with clear and moving waters (Ref. 27732). Breeds when water levels begin to rise, but whether it leaves permanent water or not is unknown. Occasionally seen in markets (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roberts, T.R., 1989. The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 14:210 p. (Ref. 2091)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00579 - 0.01576), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 399 [235, 610] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.76 [1.21, 2.56] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.7 [14.9, 18.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.392 [0.208, 0.766] g/100g ; Selenium = 47.5 [19.2, 93.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 81.4 [41.4, 164.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.32 [1.74, 3.11] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.