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Myxine phantasma Mincarone, Plachetzki, McCord, Winegard, Fernholm, Gonzalez & Fudge, 2021

Ghost hagfish
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Image of Myxine phantasma (Ghost hagfish)
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drawing shows typical species in Myxinidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Myxini (hagfishes) > Myxiniformes (Hagfishes) > Myxinidae (Hagfishes) > Myxininae
Etymology: Myxine: Ancient Greek word for a slimy fish: myxa, slime; -inus, one who, referring to copious amounts of slime produced by M. glutinosa. (See ETYFish);  phantasma: Greek for ghost, referring to its transparent skin, the only species of Myxine known to lack melanin-based pigments. (See ETYFish).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 688 - 815 m (Ref. 123790). Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Galapagos Is.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123790)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from all its congeners, except M. debueni, M. fernholmi, M. garmani by having six pairs of gill pouches and a 3/2 multicusp pattern of teeth; differs from these congeners by the number of prebranchial pores 18-24 (vs. 27-29 in M. garmani); trunk pores 64-75 (vs. 76 in M. debueni, 80-83 in M. fernholmi, 52-61 in M. garmani); tail pores 6-10 (vs. 12-13 in M. garmani); total pores 90-106 (vs. 113-121 in M. fernholmi); with two bilaterally symmetrical nasal-sinus papillae in the dorsal surface of the nasal sinus (vs. one single nasal-sinus papilla in M. debueni); a totally unpigmented body, which makes its skin transparent in live specimens, a unique character not described for any other species of Myxine (Ref. 123790).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Mincarone, M.M., D. Plachetzki, C.L. McCord, T.M. Winegard, B. Fernholm, C.J. Gonzalez and D.S. Fudge, 2021. Review of the hagfishes (Myxnidae) from the Galapagos Islands, with descriptions of four new species and their phylogenetic relationships. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 192(2):453-474. (Ref. 123790)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
BRUVS
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).