Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 1500 - 2300 m (Ref. 4460), usually 1800 - 2100 m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water; 54°N - 28°S, 166°E - 2°W (Ref. 57325)
North and South Atlantic, continental slope of southern Africa, Indian Ocean including Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Mascarene Plateau, Ninety East Ridge, Broken Ridge, Exmouth Plateau and some other seamounts, eastern and western Pacific Ocean (north and south).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 57.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460)
Benthopelagic to benthic (Ref. 51024, 75154). Found on the continental slope (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sazonov, Y.I. and D.F. Markle, 1990. Alepocephalidae. p. 111-114. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. 462 p. (Ref. 5003)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 4.3, mean 3.6 °C (based on 316 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00162 - 0.00740), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .