Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Nemacheilus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335); stigmofasciatus: the specific name stigmofasciatus is a combination of the Greek words stigmo for blotch and fasciatus for band, due to the regularly sized blotches alternating with bands (Ref. 80640).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 14°N - 13°N, 75°E - 76°E
Asia: India (Ref. 80640).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80640)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from the other two peninsular Indian species N. anguilla and N. monilis by its colouration and a set of morphometric characters. The species differs in having a lateral line that extends to the pelvic fin base below (vs. reaching up to anal fin in N. anguilla and complete in N. monilis), shorter snout length (35.9-39.4% HL vs 46.8% HL in N. anguilla and 40.5-48.1% HL in N. monilis), bigger eye (28.1-31.3% HL vs 23.0% HL in N. anguilla and 15.9-19.9% HL in N. monilis), caudal peduncle shorter than N. anguilla (12.4-13.1% SL vs 15.5% SL) and shallower than N. monilis (9.5-10.2% SL vs 12.0-14.5% SL). Vent to anal distance is reduced compared to N. anguilla (29.7-34.5% vs 40.6% Pelvic to anal distance) and greater than N. monilis (29.7-34.5% vs 16.9-25.9% Pelvic to anal distance). Notable colour variations are the lesser number of bands on dorsal (back) 11-13 (vs 19-20 in N. anguilla and N. monilis), 6-8 blotches evently spaced along the lateral line (vs. band formed of coalescing blotches extending to caudal base in N. anguilla and monoliform band in N. monilis (Ref. 80640).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Arunachalam, M. and M. Muralidharan, 2009. Nemacheilus stigmofasciatus, a new species of nemacheiline loach (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae) from the Western Ghats, India. JoTT 1(3):147-150. (Ref. 80640)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00308 - 0.01417), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .