Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Paedocyprididae
Etymology: Paedocypris: Name from the Greek words 'Paideios' meaning children and 'Cypris' for Venus,
common suffix for cyprinid genera; gender feminine.; progenetica: Progenetica, progenetic; an adjective..
More on authors: Kottelat, Britz, Tan & Witte.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Southeast Asia: Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56152); 1.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Paedocypris progenetica is distinguished from Paedocypris micromegethes by: a smaller maximum size (male 9.8mm, versus 11.6; female 10.3mm, versus 11.4), keratinized pad in front of male pelvic fins as a projecting knob (versus flat to slightly swollen), breeding tubercles on the dentary arranged in a straight row, without forming a cluster (versus forming a cluster of up to five closely set individual tubercles, subdistally on the lateral side of the dentary, supported by a conspicuous lateral bony extension), pelvic fins of female vestigial, or often missing (versus smaller than in male but similarly shaped), presence of pre-anal-fin-fold in female (a character unique among teleosts; versus absent in both sexes), dense small chromatophores in deep layer on abdomen appearing as a continuous patch, tiny black vermiculations on belly from throat to anus, including on male's pre-pelvic keratinized knob (versus large superficial, isolated chromatophores on belly from throat to anus, absent on male's keratinized pad), numerous small, contiguous chromatophores on middorsal line, organized in 3-5 rows, forming a broad stripe (versus few large isolated chromatophores, forming 1-3 irregular rows), pelvic-fin rays plain brown (versus with rows of spots) (Ref. 56152).
One of the smallest fish and vertebrate known, with the smallest mature female measuring a mere 7.9 mm (Ref. 56152).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., R. Britz, H.H. Tan and K.-E. Witte, 2005. Paedocypris, a new genus of Southeast Asian cyprinid fish with a remarkable sexual dimorphism, comprises the world's smallest vertebrate. Proc. Royal Soc. Biol. Sci. 273:895-899. (Ref. 56152)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .