Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gonorynchiformes
(Milkfish) > Kneriidae
(Shellears) > Kneriinae
Etymology: kissi: Dedicated to the collector of the type specimens, R. Kiss, hydrobiologist of the IRSAC at Lwiro (RDC) (Ref. 89134). More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Hombo River (Luhoho River tributary, upper Lowa system, Lualaba drainage) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 89134).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89134)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. Diagnosis: head length 4.9-5.2 times in SL; body height 6.3-9.3 times in SL; snout wide, flat and rounded, its length 2.4-2.9 times in HL; eye lateral, its diameter 5.9-8.1 times in HL, 1.7-2.7 times in interorbital distance, 2.1-3.3 times in snout length; dorsal fin origin 1.1-1.2 times further from snout than from caudal fin origin, its first rays slightly in front of pelvic fin origin; anal fin base 2.0-2.4 times further from pelvic fin origin than from caudal fin origin; pectoral fins short, with 17-18 soft rays, its length 4.8-5.3 times in SL; pelvic fins 6.6-7.5 times in SL, 1.3-1.5 times in HL; caudal peduncle depth 1.5-1.7 times in its length; 88-93 scales on lateral line (Ref. 89134).
Maximum TL was recorded at 11.5 cm (Ref. 89134).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poll, M., 1984. Kneriidae. p. 129-133. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3565)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .