Paratrygon orinocensis

Paratrygon orinocensis Loboda, Lasso, Rosa & Carvalho, 2021

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drawing shows typical species in Potamotrygonidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Potamotrygonidae (River stingrays) > Potamotrygoninae
Etymology: Paratrygon: Greek, para in the side of + Greek, trygon = a sting ray (Ref. 45335);  orinocensis: Named for its type locality, Orinoco basin; a toponym..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal. Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South Anerica: Colombia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 58.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 125391)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: lateral rows of thorns on tail absent (vs. present); dermal denticles on the central region of the disc have wide and high crowns, presenting a central coronal plate very similar morphologically to its lateral coronal ridges, which in adults can be more than 12 (vs. small dermal denticles on the central disc, with high and narrow crowns presenting higher and pointed central coronal plates surrounded by minor, pointed or rounded lateral coronal ridges, which in turn vary between three and six); teeth 22-35/20-29 (vs.16-26/14-20 in aiereba and 31/19-22 parvaspina); central teeth with more developed and high cusps than aiereba, parvaspina; spiracles are small and triangular, with mean length 5.6% DW [4.5-7.9% DW] (vs. quadrangular and larger spiracles in aiereba with mean length 6% DW [4.4-11.6% DW], and very small and quadrangular spiracles in parvaspina with mean length 5.2% DW [4.9-5.8% DW]; with a short and straight spiracular process with developed and numerous dermal denticles (vs. larger and knob shaped spiracular process that almost covers the spiracle aperture and with some small dermal denticles in aiereba, and an extremely short and reduced spiracular process in parvaspina that is more perceptible in adult specimens, with few dermal denticles); with a minute rostral projection (vs. with a relatively large rostral projection in aiereba, and with a large and circular rostral projection in parvaspina) (Ref. 125391).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Carvalho, Marcelo | Collaborators

Loboda, T.S., C.A. Lasso, R. de Souza Rosa and M.R. de Carvalho, 2021. Two new species of freshwater stingrays of the genus Paratrygon (Chondrichthyes: Potamotrygonidae) from the Orinoco basin, with comments on the taxonomy of Paratrygon aiereba. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 19(2). (Ref. 125391)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100).