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Peltorhamphus kryptostomus Munroe, 2021

New Zealand gray sole
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drawing shows typical species in Rhombosoleidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Rhombosoleidae (South Pacific flounders)
Etymology: Peltorhamphus: Greek, pelteos, peltes = a fish named as "korakinos"; when it was salted received the name of "pelte" + Greek, rhamphos = bill (Ref. 45335);  kryptostomus: Name from Greek 'krypto' meaning hidden and 'stomus' for mouth, referring to the mouth on the ocular side being mostly hidden by the broad rostral flap..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 123823), usually 11 - 20 m (Ref. 123823). Subtropical; 43°S - 47°S (Ref. 123823)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 9 - 10 cm
Max length : 14.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123823); 14.5 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 86-97; Anal soft rays: 59 - 67; Vertebrae: 37 - 38. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: deep body, with greatest depth anterior to midpoint and with moderately rapid posterior taper; anterior profile of snout is smoothly rounded; second ocular-side pectoral-fin ray is filamentous and shorter than greatest body depth; conspicuous, finger-like filaments 1-5 on inner anteroventral margin of fleshy skinfold on ocular-side lower jaw; no scales on blind sides of dorsal- and anal-fin rays; eyes relatively large with well-developed pupillary operculum; interorbital space relatively narrow (usually < diameter of lower eye) with 2-4 scales; often with 4-6 scales in diagonal row between anteroventral margin of lower (non-migrated) eye and dorsal margin of rostral flap above mouth; gillrakers on first arch long, pointed, robust, with first and sometimes second raker on upper limb overlapping dorsalmost raker(s) on lower limb of first arch; meristic values relatively low (37-38 total vertebrae, 86-97 dorsal- and 59-67 anal-fin rays, 64-82 lateral-line pores, usually 23-24 supracranial pterygiophores, 14-20 total gillrakers on first gill arch, 4-6 on upper limb of first arch); head relatively large and wide; caudal peduncle wide. Colouration: light-brown to light gray ocular-side background with numerous, minute, pinkish spots over entire surface, and with many scales on ocular side of head and body with black pigment on bases of ctenii; the dorsal and anal fins in both sexes with either a pattern of a single darkly pigmented ray alternating with 4-8 lighter-pigmented rays, or with rays uniformly pigmented; black pigmentation on inner lining of ocular-side opercle and entire roof of mouth (Ref. 123823).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This is a shallow-water species that occurs in 1.5-40 m, with majority of specimens (70 of 81) examined were caught between 11 m and 20 m (8 of 81 collected in 1.5-5.0 m, 2 of 81 taken at 21 m; and only 1 was taken at 40 m. Little else is known about the ecology of this species (Ref. 123823).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Munroe, T.A., 2021. Systematic revision of the flatfish genus Peltorhamphus Günther, 1862 (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes: Rhombosoleidae), including description of a new species from Southeastern New Zealand, with biological and ecological summaries for the species. Zootaxa 4905(1):1-104. (Ref. 123823)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
BRUVS
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).