Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Oxudercidae
(Mudskippers) > Periophthalminae
Etymology: Periophthalmus: Greek, peri = around + Greek, ophthalmos = eye (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal. Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf to Pakistan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441)
(total): 10 - 13;
soft rays: 10 - 11. Distinguished by the following characteristics: moderate to strong frenum uniting pelvic fins; medially, pelvic fins united for about one half their length; D I height moderate, its margin slightly rounded, no stripe on fin with only a few white spots posteriorly, no elongate spines; D2 with single dusky stripe inframarginally; dorsal fins not connected by membrane; D I with 10-13 spines; longitudinal scale count 91-121; head width 13.7-21.9% SL; pelvic fin length 11.8-13.9% SL; length of anal fin base 16.2-21.0% SL; length ofD2 base 23.2-27.2% SL; total D2 elements 13-14; total anal fin elements 11-12; TRDB 21-28 (Ref. 5218).
Found on mud flats. Amphibious air-breather (Ref. 31184). Feeds on variety of ocypodid crabs (Ref. 92840).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. (Ref. 11441)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00574 - 0.01664), b=2.98 (2.83 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .