Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Macleay.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical
Western Pacific: Taiwan and northern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47695); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47695)
Inhabits coastal reefs (Ref. 9710). Marketed fresh (Ref. 47695).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
McKay, R.J., 2001. Haemulidae (=Pomadasyidae). Grunts (also sweetlips, hotlips, and velvetchins). p. 2961-2989. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). Rome, FAO. pp. 2791-3380. (Ref. 47695)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.00819 - 0.04431), b=2.95 (2.75 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 39.7 [21.8, 71.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.467 [0.263, 0.940] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [17.4, 21.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.129 [0.066, 0.217] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.6 [17.3, 64.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 66.4 [21.2, 194.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.886 [0.514, 1.361] mg/100g (wet weight);