Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Bramidae
Etymology: Pterycombus: Greek, pteron = wing, fin + Greek, kombos, oy = belt (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hilgendorf.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range - 340 m (Ref. 58302), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Southeast Atlantic. Indo-West Pacific: southwestern Africa to Japan and the central Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47377); common length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2272)
soft rays: 37 - 40. Body color silvery-white, the membranes of the dorsal and anal fins black. Dorsal and anal fin very high, with scaly sheaths at its bases. No rays of the dorsal and anal fins thicker than their neighbors. Dorsal fin inserted above the posterior part of the eye. Attain 40 cm SL.
Juveniles probably found up to a depth of 200 m (Ref. 4388).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomes, J., 1990. Bramidae. p. 758-764. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNCT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4936)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.5 - 27.8, mean 22.5 °C (based on 797 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00782 - 0.04232), b=2.96 (2.76 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .