Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Puntius: Lantin, punctum = point, the point of the sword (Ref. 45335); kamalika: Named for Kamalika Abeyaratne (22 June 1934-11 December 2004), formed as a noun in apposition. Puntius kamalika has previously been known in Sri Lanka by the vernacular names Ipilli kadeya and Mada ipilla (Deraniyagala 1930).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 7°N - 6°N
Asia: Sri Lanka: widely distributed in the wet-zone lowlands of Sri Lanka (rainfall >2,500 mm yr-1), where it occurs in streams, rivers and marshes between the Kelani-River basin draining to the island’s west, and the Gin River basin to the south.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 77057)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Can be distinguished from all Sri Lankan and peninsular-Indian congeners by having ½4/1/2½ scales in transverse line between mid-dorsal scale row and pelvic-fin origin and lacking any prominent markings on fins and body in both living and preserved examples. Additionally, it is distinguished from the Sri Lankan and peninsular Indian species of Puntius that most closely resemble it as follows: from P. amphibius sensu stricto by having the head length 28.8-31.2% (vs. 26.4-28.3%) SL; eye diameter 7.7-10.2% (vs. 6.6-7.3%) SL; maxillary barbel 3.7-5.3% (vs. 3.1%) SL; and 16+14 vertebrae (vs. 17+14); from P. dorsalis by its smaller size (maximum standard length 72 mm, vs. 133 mm); and lacking any prominent markings on fins and body (vs. black blotches on base of dorsal and caudal fins); and from P. mahecola by its smaller maximum size (up to 73 mm SL, vs. 89 mm SL in P. mahecola), and by lacking a black blotch, larger than eye, across about 3½ scales of the caudal peduncle (Ref. 77057).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Silva, A., K. Maduwage and R. Pethiyagoda, 2008. Puntius kamalika, a new species of barb from Sri Lanka (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 1824:55-64. (Ref. 77057)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00539 - 0.02810), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .