Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Puntius: Lantin, punctum = point, the point of the sword (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 8.0 - ?; amphidromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 22°C - ? (Ref. 85713); 39°N - 8°N
Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Yunnan, China (Ref. 4832), Bhutan (Ref. 40882) and Afghanistan (Ref. 41034)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 94495)
Adults inhabit rivers, streams and ponds in plains and submontane regions (Ref. 41236). Collected from a large river with high turbid monsoon flow and with diverse substrate consisting of sand, mud, gravel, pebble, cobble, and boulders (Ref. 85713). A very plentiful shoaling fish. They remain small in domestic aquaria and become mature at 7 to 8 cm (Ref. 4832).
Menon, A.G.K., 1999. Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. No. 175, 366 p. (Ref. 41236)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Aquarium: public aquariums
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.01042 - 0.01668), b=3.01 (2.97 - 3.05), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.6-1.3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 628 [334, 990] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.91 [1.94, 4.49] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.5 [16.5, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.414 [0.167, 0.998] g/100g ; Selenium = 41.4 [15.8, 98.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 31.4 [17.3, 58.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.4 [2.5, 4.6] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.