Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae
Etymology: Rhizoprionodon: Greek, rhiza = root + Greek, prion = saw + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Müller & Henle.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 70 m (Ref. 244). Tropical; 13°N - 35°S, 78°W - 31°W
Western Atlantic: Panama to southern Brazil and Uruguay (Ref. 58839).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 61.8, range 58 - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL (female); common length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 0.00 g
Inhabits shallow coastal waters, on sandy and muddy bottoms, and not normally found in lagoons and estuaries (Ref. 244). Feeds on small bony fishes, including sardines and anchovies, also shrimp and squid (Ref. 244). Viviparous, with 1 to 4 young in a litter; size at birth 33 to 34 cm (Ref. 244). Its flesh is highly appreciated and is marketed dried salted.
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 28, mean 27.2 °C (based on 104 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00269 (0.00177 - 0.00409), b=3.08 (2.96 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.65 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .