Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae
Etymology: Rhizoprionodon: Greek, rhiza = root + Greek, prion = saw + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 36 m (Ref. 9997). Tropical; 30°N - 18°S
Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Thailand, Indonesia, China, and Japan. Recorded from the Gulf of Carpentaria (Ref. 6871) and Palau (Ref. 244). This species is very close to Rhizoprionodon taylori, but is geographically separated from it (Ref. 244).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 62.3, range 32 - 65 cm
Max length : 84.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 121648); 77.5 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 2.8 kg (Ref. 121648)
A little known inshore and offshore shark found on continental and insular shelves (Ref. 244). Found to depths of at least 36 m (Ref. 9997). Probably feeds on fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans (Ref. 6871). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Commonly caught by inshore demersal gillnet fisheries, especially off Java (Ref.58048). Utilized fresh and probably dried salted for human consumption (Ref. 244). Also used for fishmeal (Ref. 9997) and fins (Ref.58048). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449). With 3 to 5 young per litter (Ref. 244, 37816). Size at birth 20-30 cm TL (Ref. 9997, 37816). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.2 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2593 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00263 - 0.00416), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.55 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .