Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 60°N - 45°N, 38°E - 51°E
Europe and Asia: Northern Caspian basin (Volga, Ural).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1441); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 59043)
soft rays: 6. Differs from its congeners in Caspian Sea basin by the possession of the following characters: longitudinal epithelial crests on predorsal scales; scale rows around caudal peduncle 14-16; scales on lateral line 42-43 + 2; dorsal fin with 7½ branched rays; and anal fin with 6½ branched rays (Ref. 59043).
Adults inhabit bottom of moderately flowing lowland rivers, preferring sand bottom. Are nocturnal benthic species feeding on insect larvae and other larger benthic invertebrates. Locally threatened due to pollution and river engineering (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00283 - 0.01223), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=5; tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .