Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Europe: Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Tyrrehenian basin of Italy from Magra drainage southward.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 23 - 25 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from congeners in Mediterranean basin by having the following combination of characters: 9-13 parr marks in adults; caudal fin slightly emarginate; 20-60 small ocellated spots on flank (smaller than eye), some black, some brownish red (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits streams in hilly areas and lowland in karstic resurgences. Occurs in clear waters around 10-20° C, usually with dense subaquatic vegetation. Feeds mainly on aquatic insects. Spawns on gravel bottom in shallow water. Attains a maximum size of up to about 40 cm SL. Threatened due to water abstraction, overfishing and stocking of non-native trouts (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .