Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335). More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
Europe: Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia (Adriatic basin from Krka to Aoos drainages); possibly present in Peloponnese, Greece (Alfios).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 88.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91127)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from all its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by having the following combination of characters: preanal length 77-80% SL; predorsal length 47-50% SL; interorbital distance 20-25% HL; head and body with small dark dots, especially in upper part; and dark red spots of different sizes, on whole flank, circled by bright pale rim (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits lakes and large rivers. Spawns on gravel bottom. In Lake Skadar basin, overwinters in deep parts of lake and moves to main tributaries in summer (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction and pollution (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00566 - 0.01612), b=3.03 (2.89 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .