Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335); kottelati: Named for Maurice Kottelat, who contributed to the knowledge of the fish fauna of Europe and Asia.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Asia: Alakır Stream in southern Anatolia, Turkey.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 99540)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 11;
Vertebrae: 55 - 58. Salmo kottelati can be diagnosed from all congeners in Turkey by the combination of the following characters: lateral line with 7-9 parr marks distinct in males up to at least 17.6 cm SL and in females up to at least 20.8 cm SL; flank lacks four dark bands in males and females; body with numerous, ocellated black spots, scattered on back, middle and upper part of flank (sometimes lower part of flank) in males larger than about 16. 0 cm SL, and females between about 16.0?19.0 cm SL; males and females smaller than about 16.0 cm SL possess few black spots, present only on upper part of flank; few to numerous ocellated red spots on back and half of upper and lower flank; number of both black or red spots commonly increasing with size and age in males while number of both black and red spots decreasing with size and age in females; head length 29-33% SL in males, 26-32 % SL in females; mouth slightly subterminal, length of mouth gape 13.2-18.9% SL in males, 11.8-14.5 % SL in females; length of maxilla 10-13% SL in males, 8-12% SL in females, reaching beyond eye in males longer than about 12.0 cm SL and in females longer than about 17.0 cm SL; 105-113 scales on lateral line (until posterior hypural margin); 24-29 scale rows between lateral line and origin of dorsal fin; 17-19 scale rows between lateral line and origin of anal fin; 13-15 scale rows between lateral line and adipose-fin insertion; and 18-20 gill rakers on outer side of first gill arch (Ref. 99540).
Occurs in stream with cold and clear water, moderate current and gravel and pebble substrate (Ref. 99540).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Turan, D., E. Doğan, C. Kaya and M. Kanyılmaz, 2014. Salmo kottelati, a new species of trout from Alakır Stream, draining to the Mediterranean in southern Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei, Salmonidae). Zookeys 462:135-151. (Ref. 99540)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .