Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Fowler & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range - 50 m (Ref. 188), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 5°S - 19°S, 138°E - 179°W (Ref. 188)
Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea and Fiji. Reported from New Caledonia (Ref. 11889).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 12 - 23. Total scutes 29 or 30; lower gill rakers slender, smooth and numerous. No perforations on hind part of scale. Tips of dorsal and caudal fins dusky or black. Immediately distinguished from all other Sardinella species in the area by its high gill raker count, also the overlapping or continuous scale striae and absence of dorsal spot.
Forms schools in coastal waters. Euryhaline (Ref. 12743). Used as bait in the tuna fishery. Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.5 - 28.1, mean 27.4 °C (based on 80 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00495 - 0.01531), b=3.02 (2.87 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .