Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 18 m (Ref. 27370), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Southeast Pacific: known only from Easter Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27370)
soft rays: 9. Body red with 9 very narrow silvery white stripes following centers of scale rows, 6 of these extending to caudal base; head red with silvery reflections on operculum scales and an oblique white streak from above the middle of upper jaw to the base corner of the opercle. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body moderately elongate, depth 2.95-3.25 in SL; head length (HL) 2.7-2.85 in SL; dorsal profile slightly convex; snout length 3.8-4.15 in HL; interorbital width 4.8-5.35 in HL; maxilla reaching from below front of pupil to center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.65-2.9 in HL; premaxillary groove reaching about a vertical at front edge of the orbit; rounded anterior end of nasal bone; medial margin of nasal bone terminating in a short retrorse spine; small nasal fossa without spinules on margin; serrate ridge along the upper edge of suborbital bones, without lateral spine; preopercular spine, 4.8-7.45 in HL; 2 opercular spine, the lower 1/2-3/4 length of the upper spine; 3rd to 5th dorsal spines longest, 1.95-2.35 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.2-1.5 in HL (Ref. 27370).
Collected from irregular rocky substratum (Ref. 27370).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00791 - 0.03324), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 86 [32, 283] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.521 [0.249, 1.567] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [18.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.152 [0.064, 0.361] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.1 [20.4, 65.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 58.8 [22.9, 154.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.9 [0.9, 3.7] mg/100g (wet weight);