Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335); madhavai: Named for Madhava Meegaskumbura, professor of Molecular Biology at University of Peradeniya. A noun in the genitive case.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: Walawe River basin in Sri Lanka.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116162)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Schistura madhavai differs from all its congeners from peninsular India and Sri Lanka by the combination of the following characters: 8-9 wide post-dorsal bars separated by narrow, white interspaces ¼-? the width of the bars; black bar at the base of the caudal fin arched, its posterior margin vaguely indented at bases of branched caudal-fin rays 3 and 14, wider than the interspaces on the body; 8+8 branched rays on emarginate caudal fin; incomplete lateral line ending beneath the dorsal-fin base; axillary pelvic lobe absent; adpressed pelvic fin just reaching the anus; 7½ branched rays on dorsal fin; pelvic-fin origin on a vertical through the last unbranched dorsal fin ray; and suborbital flap in males absent (Ref. 116162).
Inhabits a small stream about 2 m wide, flowing through sparsely-inhabited tea plantations, at an
elevation of about 1000 m above sea level and with substrate consisting of pebbles and gravel. Prefers the faster-flowing areas of the stream. Occurs syntopically with the cyprinids Devario
malabaricus (Jerdon), Puntius titteya (Deraniyagala), Pethia nigrofasciata (Günther), Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes), Rasboroides rohani (Batuwita, Silva & Edirisinghe), and the osphronemid Belontia signata (Günther). The introduced guppy Poecilia reticulata Peters was also recorded from this stream (Ref. 116162).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sudasinghe, H., 2017. Schistura madhavai, a new species of hill-stream loach from Sri Lanka, with redescription of S. notostigma (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Zootaxa 4311(1):96-110. (Ref. 116162)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00268 - 0.01487), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .