Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335); psittacula: From the Latin psittacus, parrot; an allusion to the broad processus dentiformis resembling a parrot's bill. More on authors: Freyhof & Serov.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: Cam Lo and Ben Hai rivers in Viet Nam.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40772)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Differs from its congeners in Indochina by the combination of the following characters: very broad processus dentiformis in upper jaw; caudal fin with 9+8 branched rays; caudal peduncle 0.9-1.2 times longer than deep, depth 13.2-16.2% SL; interorbital distance 28.4-34.3% HL; lateral head length 20.8-23.8% SL; eye 13.5-19.4% HL; anus situated 1.7-2.5 eye diameter in front of anal-fin origin; intestine with a wide loop, anteriorly reaching mid-length of stomach; 7-14 dark bars on body wider than interspaces, regularly shaped and set, not forming blotches; bars meeting their homologues on back; a complete black bar at caudal-fin base, reaching dorsal and ventral midlines; last yellow bar prominent and never darker; head dark brown (Ref. 40772).
Abundant in riffles with rocks and gravel and high water velocities (Ref. 40772). Feeds on aquatic invertebrates (Ref. 40772). Associated with Annamia normani, Schistura huongensis, Mastacembelus armatus, Rhinogobius ocellatus and Anguilla marmorata (Ref. 40772).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Freyhof, J. and D.V. Serov, 2001. Nemacheiline loaches from Central Vietnam with descriptions of a new genus and 14 new species (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 12(2):133-191. (Ref. 40772)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00268 - 0.01487), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .