Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sillaginidae
Etymology: Sillago: From a locality in Australia .
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 20 - 50 m (Ref. 6205). Tropical; 29°N - 29°S, 80°E - 157°E (Ref. 6205)
Indo-West Pacific: India to the Gulf of Thailand, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia from Shark Bay around the northern coast to Adolphus Passage, Queensland. Possibly more widely distributed than indicated.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6205)
soft rays: 17;
Vertebrae: 33. Swim bladder with a short median anterior extension and about five small pointed anterolateral projections. No black spot on pectoral fin base; no wide distinct silvery lateral band; peritoneum is black-brown.
Benthic species (Ref. 75154) which occurs in inshore coastal waters (Ref. 6205). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McKay, R.J., 1992. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 14. Sillaginid fishes of the world (family Sillaginidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the sillago, smelt or Indo-Pacific whiting species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(14):87p. (Ref. 6205)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 28.5, mean 27.3 °C (based on 139 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00272 - 0.01217), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 413 [80, 1,205] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.25 [0.47, 3.10] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.4 [17.7, 22.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.156 [0.072, 0.348] g/100g ; Selenium = 53.5 [18.9, 171.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 28.9 [5.4, 114.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.06 [0.54, 2.26] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.