Paraphanius mento, Pearl-spotted killifish : aquarium

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Paraphanius mento (Heckel, 1843)

Pearl-spotted killifish
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes(Genere, Specie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Aphaniidae (Oriental killifishes)
Etymology: Paraphanius: Name from the Greek word 'Para' meaning 'near, resembling', and Aphanius, from the Greek word 'Aphanus' meaning 'invisible', a genus of tooth-carp fish, referring to its phylogenetic position being sister to Aphanius and Aphaniops (Ref. 125310).
More on author: Heckel.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; acqua dolce benthopelagico; non migratori. Subtropical; 10°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Asia: Iran, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon and Turkey.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 27139)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 9-14; Raggi anali molli: 9 - 13; Vertebre: 25 - 26. This species is distinguished by the following: scales along the body 23-28; D 9-14: A 9-13; pectoral fins 12-16; pelvic fin rays 4-6; total gill rakers 11-15; jaw teeth display a long middle cusp and short lateral cusps; otoliths triangular in shape, have a prominent rostrum, and a straight sulcus; vertebrae 25-26, in the vertebral column with 5 preural vertebrae (PU1–5) with long haemal and neural spines, the presence of a small plate in front of the spines of PU5, flank scales are squarish to a vertical oval in general shape; no pelvic axillary scale; gut is s-shaped (Ref. 125310).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Found in shallow water among vegetation, where it feeds on insect larvae, crustaceans, and algae. Breeds during the warmer months of the year. (Ref. 13609). 8 cm max TL (Ref. 11028). Not a seasonal killifish. Is easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Esmaeili, H.R., A. Teimori, F. Zarei and G. Sayyadzadeh, 2020. DNA barcoding and species delimitation of the Old World tooth-carps, family Aphaniidae Hoedeman, 1949 (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes). PLoS One 15(4):e0231717 (Ref. 125310)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2013

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Acquario: Commerciale
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
BRUVS
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genere, Specie | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Database Nazionali | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, ricerca | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00437 - 0.02085), b=3.21 (3.03 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Alto, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione meno di 15 mesi (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).