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Betta hipposideros Ng & Kottelat, 1994

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drawing shows typical species in Osphronemidae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/)..
More on authors: Ng & Kottelat.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性. 熱帶

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Asia: known from Selangor and Perak in Malaysia. Its range extends to Riau Archipelago, Indonesia (Ref. 56386).
亞洲: 在馬來西亞已知只來自 Selangor 與 Perak了。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 13093)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 1; 背的软条 (总数): 8; 臀棘 2; 臀鳍软条: 28. Differs from Betta chloropharynx in the following characters: horseshoe-shaped black throat mark (vs. µ-shaped black throat mark); presence of both dorsal and caudal transverse bars (vs. absence); more subdorsal scales (mode 6 1/2 vs. 5-6). It is distinguished from Betta renata in the following characters: horseshoe-shaped black throat mark (vs. kidney-shaped); non-spotted opercle (vs. spotted opercle); opercle with yellow or brown lower margin (vs. black margin); fewer postdorsal scales (mode 12 vs. 9 1/2); more anal fin rays (mode 30 vs. 29); more lateral scales (mode 32 vs. 31). Can be differentiated from Betta spilotogena in the following characters: horseshoe-shaped black throat mark ((vs. black median spot); non-spotted opercle (vs. spotted opercle); opercle with yellow or brown lower margin (vs. back margin); presence of both dorsal and caudal transverse bars (vs. absence); and more subdorsal scales (mode 6 1/2 vs. 5 1/2) (Ref. 56386).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Occurs in backwater peat swamps with substrate usually peat and leaf litter. Large fish are found in the flowing sections of the blackwater streams and smaller ones appear to prefer pools and slower flowing waters.

用底部通常出现于回流水泥煤沼泽泥煤与腐叶。 大的鱼被发现于死水溪流的流动部分,而且较小的一些似乎偏爱水池与比较慢的流动水域。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

亞洲: 在馬來西亞已知只來自 Selangor 與 Perak了。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Ng, P.K.L. and M. Kottelat, 1994. Revision of the Betta waseri species group (Teleostei: Belontiidae). Raffles Bull. Zool. 42(3):593-611. (Ref. 13093)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  濒危 (EN) (B1ab(iii)); Date assessed: 05 January 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00367 - 0.02602), b=2.97 (2.74 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).