Salmo labrax, Black Sea salmon

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Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814

Black Sea salmon
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Salmoniformes (Salmons) 鮭形目 (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) 鮭科 (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Pallas.

Issue
Considered as synonym of Salmo trutta according to Kalyci et al., 2018 (Ref. 121837). This species summary page will be deleted; Black Sea strain under the senior synonym.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 淡水; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 溯河洄游 (Ref. 51243). 溫帶

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Eurasia: rivers draining to Black Sea; Lipkovska stream in upper Vardar drainage (Macedonia).
前蘇聯與亞洲: 黑海與亞速海, 特別地距離海岸克裡米亞,高加索, Trabzon ,保加利亞的海岸,多瑙河的三角州, 亞洲的南部海岸較小的。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 59043)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

Distinguished from congeners in Black Sea basin by its unique caudal fin only slightly emarginate and yellow or orange eggs, about 5 mm in diameter. Can be further separated from other species of the genus by having 16-18 gill rakers, usually 18 ( vs. 13-18, usually 16, in Salmo trutta) (Ref. 59043).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

There are anadromous, lacustrine and resident forms. At the sea, it occurs along coasts at depths of up to 50 m. Undertakes migration to hill streams. Resident part of populations live in streams and uppermost reaches with fast current, cold clear water and stone or gravel bottom. Spawns in upper reaches with fast current. Spawns in October-January. Parrs live in rivers and streams for 2-4 years, then smoltify and migrate to sea or mature in freshwater. Spends 2-4 years in the sea. Parrs and resident adults feed on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. Anadromous and large lacustrine individuals prey mostly on fish and large crustaceans. Anadromous individuals feed while in rivers. Damming hinders most returning adults to reach spawning sites (Ref. 59043).

在四月底與在五月的起點中進入黑海海岸的河。 (參考文獻 593)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

前蘇聯與亞洲: 黑海與亞速海, 特別地距離海岸克裡米亞,高加索, Trabzon ,保加利亞的海岸,多瑙河的三角州, 亞洲的南部海岸較小的。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00498 - 0.02308), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增時間超過14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .