Salmo labrax, Black Sea salmon

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Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814

Black Sea salmon
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Actinopteri > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Pallas.

Issue
Considered as synonym of Salmo trutta according to Kalyci et al., 2018 (Ref. 121837). This species summary page will be deleted; Black Sea strain under the senior synonym.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 溯河洄游 (Ref. 51243). 溫帶

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Eurasia: rivers draining to Black Sea; Lipkovska stream in upper Vardar drainage (Macedonia).
前蘇聯與亞洲: 黑海與亞速海, 特別地距離海岸克裡米亞,高加索, Trabzon ,保加利亞的海岸,多瑙河的三角州, 亞洲的南部海岸較小的。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 59043)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Distinguished from congeners in Black Sea basin by its unique caudal fin only slightly emarginate and yellow or orange eggs, about 5 mm in diameter. Can be further separated from other species of the genus by having 16-18 gill rakers, usually 18 ( vs. 13-18, usually 16, in Salmo trutta) (Ref. 59043).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

There are anadromous, lacustrine and resident forms. At the sea, it occurs along coasts at depths of up to 50 m. Undertakes migration to hill streams. Resident part of populations live in streams and uppermost reaches with fast current, cold clear water and stone or gravel bottom. Spawns in upper reaches with fast current. Spawns in October-January. Parrs live in rivers and streams for 2-4 years, then smoltify and migrate to sea or mature in freshwater. Spends 2-4 years in the sea. Parrs and resident adults feed on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. Anadromous and large lacustrine individuals prey mostly on fish and large crustaceans. Anadromous individuals feed while in rivers. Damming hinders most returning adults to reach spawning sites (Ref. 59043).

在四月底与在五月的起点中进入黑海海岸的河。 (参考文献 593)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

前蘇聯與亞洲: 黑海與亞速海, 特別地距離海岸克裡米亞,高加索, Trabzon ,保加利亞的海岸,多瑙河的三角州, 亞洲的南部海岸較小的。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00498 - 0.02308), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .