Pseudopleuronectes americanus, Winter flounder : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum, 1792)

Winter flounder
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pseudopleuronectes americanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Winter flounder)
Pseudopleuronectes americanus
Picture by Lavan, J.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

laut dasar (demersal); oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 5 - 143 m (Ref. 5951). Temperate; 55°N - 31°N, 82°W - 52°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Labrador, Canada to Georgia, USA.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 27.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 7251); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 3.6 kg (Ref. 7251); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 14 Tahun (Ref. 52686)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults inhabit soft muddy to moderately hard bottoms (Ref. 5951). Feed predominantly in daytime on organisms living in, on or near the bottom; shrimps, amphipods, crabs, sea urchins and snails (Ref. 12232). Batch spawner (Ref. 51846).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | mitra

Vinnikov, K.A., R.C. Thomson and T.A. Munroe, 2018. Revised classification of the righteye flounders (Teleostei: Pleuronectidae) based on multilocus phylogeny with complete taxon sampling. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 125:147-162. (Ref. 122998)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Budidaya air: percobaan; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO - Perikanan: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Nutrients
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Marga, Jenis | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Perikanan: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genom, Nukleotida | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Akuarium publik | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | pengenalan RFE | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: pergi, Cari | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 0.7 - 13.1, mean 6.1 °C (based on 303 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00468 - 0.01948), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.5 (2.6 - 4.2) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 20 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.11-0.7(?); tm=2-3; tmax=10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  High vulnerability (62 of 100).
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 33.3 [16.5, 68.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.282 [0.163, 0.496] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.2, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.359 [0.179, 0.712] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.5 [10.6, 50.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.72 [1.18, 17.83] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.424 [0.279, 0.647] mg/100g (wet weight);