Pseudopleuronectes americanus, Winter flounder : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum, 1792)

Winter flounder
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pseudopleuronectes americanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Winter flounder)
Pseudopleuronectes americanus
Picture by Lavan, J.

Classificatie / Names Lokale namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien demersaal; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepte 5 - 143 m (Ref. 5951). Temperate; 55°N - 31°N, 82°W - 52°W

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Western Atlantic: Labrador, Canada to Georgia, USA.

Lengte bij maturiteit / Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 27.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 7251); max. gepubliceerd gewicht: 3.6 kg (Ref. 7251); max. gerapporteerde leeftijd: 14 Jaren (Ref. 52686)

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit soft muddy to moderately hard bottoms (Ref. 5951). Feed predominantly in daytime on organisms living in, on or near the bottom; shrimps, amphipods, crabs, sea urchins and snails (Ref. 12232). Batch spawner (Ref. 51846).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Medewerkers

Vinnikov, K.A., R.C. Thomson and T.A. Munroe, 2018. Revised classification of the righteye flounders (Teleostei: Pleuronectidae) based on multilocus phylogeny with complete taxon sampling. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 125:147-162. (Ref. 122998)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; Aquacultuur: experimenteel; sportvis: ja
FAO - visserij: aanvoer; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Meer informatie

Lokale namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predatoren
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Maturiteit
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Fecunditeit
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
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Aquacultuurprofiel
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 0.7 - 13.1, mean 6.1 °C (based on 303 cells).
Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00468 - 0.01948), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.5 (2.6 - 4.2) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 20 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.11-0.7(?); tm=2-3; tmax=10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  High vulnerability (62 of 100).
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 33.3 [16.5, 68.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.282 [0.163, 0.496] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.2, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.359 [0.179, 0.712] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.5 [10.6, 50.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.72 [1.18, 17.83] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.424 [0.279, 0.647] mg/100g (wet weight);