分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Ariidae
(Sea catfishes) > Ariinae
Etymology: Cathorops: Greek, kathorao = to observe, to watch + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Meek.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的. 熱帶
Central America: Atlantic draining rivers from Panuco River basin in Mexico to Izabal Lake in Guatemala (Ref. 58032). Materials examined from río Usumacinta and
lago Izabal basins, formerly treated as Cathorops aguadulce (e.g. Castro-Aguirre et al., 1999; Miller et al., 2005; Betancur-R. and Willink, 2007), are treated as Cathorops kailolae(Ref. 75004). Examination of more materials is needed to determine whether the population reported from other localities reported by Miller et al., 2005 from other localities (i.e. río Panuco, río Tecolutla, río Coatzacoalcos, and Gulf of Mexico) should be separated (Ref. 75004).
北美洲: Papaloapam 河流域。
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.7 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 75004)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
背棘 (总数): 1; 背的软条 (总数): 7; 臀鳍软条: 21. Differs from all other species of Cathorops by having the following features: fleshy papillae intercalated with gill rakers on first two gill arches; posterior margin of pectoral-fin spine with long and conspicuous serrations (except in Cathorops kailolae, Cathorops melanopus, Cathorops multiradiatus, and Cathorops tuyra); gill rakers on first arch 14-16; and snout length 9.3-11.6% SL. Can be further separated from Cathorops belizensis by its longer supraoccipital process 11.5-16.3% SL (vs. 8.8-10.5% SL), larger orbital diameter 4.6-6.9 % SL (vs. 3.6-4.4% SL), and shorter interorbital distance 9.9-12.3 (vs. 12.9-15.1% SL); from Cathorops higuchii by its gill rakers on second arch 13-16 (vs. 17-21), and larger orbital diameter 4.6-6.9 (vs. 3.3-4.4% SL); from Cathorops kailolae by its longer distance from tip of snout to dorsal-fin origin 39.0-40.7 (vs. 33.1- 38.0% SL); from Cathorops mapale species group by its gill rakers on second arch 13-16 (vs. 17-21); from Cathorops melanopus by its longer distance from tip of snout to dorsal-fin origin 39.0-40.7 (vs. 30.0-32.6% SL), and longer distance from tip of snout to posterior margin of dorsomedian groove of neurocranium 22.9-26.4 (vs. 17.9-19.1% SL) (Ref. 75004).
Found in large to medium-sized rivers, lagoons and small drainages. Typically inhabits freshwaters, but may also occur in marine waters (Ref. 75004).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
北美洲: Papaloapam 河流域。
Marceniuk, A.P. and R. Betancur-R, 2008. Revision of the species of the genus Cathorops (Siluriformes: Ariidae) from Mesoamerica and the Central American Caribbean, with description of three new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(1):25-44. (Ref. 75004)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00241 - 0.00908), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100).